By W. South Coblin
‘Phags-pa chinese language is the earliest kind of the chinese to be written in a systematically devised alphabetic script. it's named after its writer, an excellent thirteenth-century Tibetan scholar-monk who additionally served as political adviser to Kublai Khan. ‘Phags-pa’s invention of an alphabet for the Mongolian language continues to be a very very important accomplishment, either conceptually and essentially. With it he accomplished not anything under the production of a unified script for all the various peoples within the Mongolian empire, together with the imperative Asian Turks and Sinitic-speaking Chinese.‘Phags-pa is of massive significance for the learn of premodern chinese language phonology. even if, the script is hard to learn and interpret, and secondary fabrics on it are scattered and never simply received. the current booklet is meant as a pragmatic creation to ‘Phags-pa chinese language experiences and a advisor for examining and reading the script. It involves components. the 1st half is an introductory part comprising 4 chapters. this is often by means of a thesaurus of ‘Phags-pa chinese language kinds and their corresponding chinese language characters, including p?ny?n and stroke order indexes to these characters. the 1st introductory bankruptcy outlines the discovery of the ‘Phags-pa writing method, summarizes the foremost varieties of fabric preserved in it, and describes the historic and linguistic contexts during which this invention happened. Following chapters element the background of ‘Phags-pa reports, the alphabet and its interpretation, and the salient gains of the underlying sound process represented through the script, evaluating it with these of varied later varieties of chinese language which have been recorded in alphabetic sources.A instruction manual of ‘Phags-pa chinese language might be of targeted curiosity to chinese language old phonologists and students keen on the historical past and tradition of China and imperative Asia in the course of the Yuan interval (1279–1368 A.D.).
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Extra resources for A Handbook of 'Phags-pa Chinese (ABC Chinese Dictionary Series)
Then, after the facsimile of the manuscript, it gives a reconstruction of the final, lost section. This utilizes several more recently discovered inscriptional sources not available to Cheng (1965). But it also differs from Cheng's work in another way. Cheng's approach may be called "narrow reconstruction," in that he only includes characters actually found in 'Phags-pa written sources. lunast and Yang go beyond this by including in their restored homophone groups more characters from the parallel passages in the GujIn yunhui jUyilO.
However, in pre-Qlng times it was less narrow and could denote both initials and finals. , refer to the traditional glossing practice used, for example, by Chinese Buddhist transcribers of Indic texts, wherein two or more characters are read together as a single syllable to transcribe Indic syllables containing consonant clusters or other foreign sound concatenations. 6yuyun "imM is apparently a copyist's error for xieyun ~M "to harmonize rimes," a traditional philological term which parallels another such term, xiesheng ~W "to harmonize initials," in the following phrase.
For a convenient listing, see Poppe (1957: 139). Bernhard Karlgren included discussions of 'Phags-pa questions in his earlier studies on Chinese historical phonology (Karlgren 1915-26)? Following this, in 1930 Aleksandr Dragunov made extensive use of Karlgren's "Ancient Chinese" system to discuss the phonology of 'Phags-pa Chinese. In the same year, there appeared in Japan an article by Oshibuchi Hajime (1930) which is characterized by Nakano (1971: 17, n. 17) as parallel to Dragunov' s. Oshibuchi used not Karlgren' s system but the structure of the Zhongyuan yfnyim to study the 'Phags-pa material.