By Faith Thompson
A brief background of Parliament used to be first released in 1953. Minnesota Archive variations makes use of electronic know-how to make long-unavailable books once more available, and are released unaltered from the unique college of Minnesota Press editions.
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Additional resources for A short history of parliament 1295-1642
But such conferring of rank was not necessarily to create peers, for the recipients were probably already barons. The new title did not add to the numbers of the peerage. The novelty came in 1387, when the recipient, a simple knight, was created at once a baron and a hereditary lord of parliament. There were several such creations in the reign of Henry VI. By the end of the fifteenth century it was the normal method of creating peers. Readers may recall the motives which in modern times have led to the creation of peers.
Secondly, in the Middle Ages men voted only by virtue of the land or the title they held, not because of their manhood or their citizenship. This attitude was supplanted in the days of budding constitutionalism by the belief in the franchise as an abstract right, to which a man is entitled as he is thought to be entitled to the rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. " The second of these, the rule which formed the basis of elections in the medieval state, held diat "voting was not a natural act of citizenship, but a privilege attached to a definite economic status, generally the ownership of land.
Most recently it has been designed to ensure cabinet representation and leadership in the upper House, as instanced by the creation of three Labour peers in 1924, MacDonald's first premiership. " In the fifteenth century—the troubled years of the Wars of the Roses — creations served to strengthen the political power of one or the other faction, virtually to pack parliaments. " Both recipients were knights, household officials, and quite possibly not only faithful "servants" but good friends and companions of their prince, witness the testimony of the letters patent.