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If the natural hedge is not in place at the outset, IFRS 9 would not allow the first financial instrument to be recorded at FVTPL, as it would not eliminate or significantly reduce a measurement or recognition inconsistency. Additionally, to impose discipline, an entity is precluded from reclassifying financial instruments in or out of the fair value category, unless (in the case of financial assets) the business model for those assets changes. , an increase in the market variable would increase the fair value of one of the two items while decreasing that of the other item).
This may be the case when the economic risks and characteristics of the instrument are closely related to the host contract. Example: Investment in an convertible bond An entity invests in a convertible bond. Under the terms of the bond, the entity has the right to convert the bond into a fixed number of shares of the bond’s issuer. From a structuring perspective, the bond can be split between a debt instrument and an equity option. From an accounting perspective, the convertible bond would be classified at FVTPL in its entirety as the conversion right causes the instrument to fail the SPPI test.
The ineffective part represents the hedge ineffectiveness, or in other words, the portion of the change in fair value of the hedging instrument that has not been offset by a change in fair value of the hedged item. It is calculated as the difference between the cumulative change in fair value of the hedging instrument and its effective part. The ineffective part includes specific components excluded, as documented in the entity’s risk management strategy, from the assessment of hedge effectiveness.