By Mohammed Yousaf
How did the horrendous scenario in Afghanistan, with all its implications for contemporary occasions and the current time, come to go? What used to be the position of the CIA and Pakistani intelligence within the production of what turned the Taliban? What are the results for the longer term and classes from the previous for American forces today?
This hugely arguable publication unearths one of many maximum army, political and monetary secrets and techniques of contemporary occasions. it's not anything below the genuine, if awesome, account of ways Pakistan and the united states covertly managed the most important guerrilla warfare of the twentieth Century, dealing to the Soviet Russian presence in Afghanistan an army defeat that has turn out to be referred to as 'Russia's Vietnam'.
This compelling e-book, prepare with nice ability by means of the army writer, Mark Adkin, is key examining for a person drawn to the reality at the back of the Soviets' Vietnam, and the explanations why, to today, the warfare in Afghanistan nonetheless drags on regardless of the victory that the Mujahideen have been denied while the Soviets withdrew. ?
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Extra resources for Afghanistan: The Bear Trap: The Defeat of a Superpower
They need the means with which to fight, they need resupplying, they need to train and they need intelligence. Pakistan provided all these things to the Mujahideen. For the Soviets this was extremely frustrating. By 1983 they had launched a well-coordinated campaign to make the cost to Pakistan of supporting the Afghan resistance progressively higher. Their aim was to undermine President Zia and his policies by a massive subversion and sabotage effort, based on the use of thousands of KHAD agents and informers.
The Soviet Union, however, held back from any serious escalation. I had to ensure that we did not provoke them sufficiently to do so. A war with the Soviets would have been the end of Pakistan and could have unleashed a world war. It was a great responsibility, and one which I had to keep constantly in mind during those years. An interesting example of the sort of incident that could quickly get out of hand, or lead to international confrontation, involved Soviet prisoners of war, and occurred about a year after I arrived at ISI.
There are two types of base–the main strategic base of supply and the operational bases. The main bases of supply in this case were the Soviet Republics of southern Central Asia, from the borders of Iran in the west to China in the east, and for the Mujahideen the western border areas of Pakistan. Behind these frontiers were the depots, stores, training camps, main ammunition dumps, staging areas and, in the case of the Soviets, airfields that supplied the forces in Afghanistan. In both cases they had so far been immune from serious attack.