By Ron Field
The Mississippi River performed a decisive function within the American Civil struggle. The accomplice fortifications that managed the decrease Mississippi valley have been placed to the try out within the long Federal crusade of 1862-63. Vicksburg used to be a citadel urban, referred to as the "Gibraltar of the Confederacy," whose seize is frequently visible because the key to victory within the warfare.
This ebook explores the fortifications of the river valley, targeting Vicksburg and its defenses which boasted a community of forts, rifle pits, and cannon embrasures surrounding town and analyzing the strengths and weaknesses of the fortifications whilst below siege. additionally tested are a number of different fortified strongholds, together with New Orleans, Port Hudson, New Madrid and, forts Henry and Donelson, all lavishly illustrated with complete colour paintings and cutaways.
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Extra resources for American Civil War Fortifications
Wyman’s Hill Battery U. Harwood House Battery or Battery No. 5 V. Battery No. 4 W. Devil‘s Backbone Battery X. Upper Water Battery Y. com Bi g B l l l l Union Works Confederate Works 0 Stou R ay ou Construction of the main fortiﬁcations at Vicksburg was initially entrusted to Captain David B. Harris, Provisional Engineer Corps, CS Army, who was assisted by Acting Captain John M. Reid, and his son Acting Lieutenant John H. Reid, the labor being mostly completed by a force of about 3,000 slaves impressed from plantations in the adjacent counties.
34 The Stockade Redan complex during the siege of Vicksburg The Stockade Redan was the most northerly point in the defenses of Vicksburg. See the main text for full details. com 2 6 1 1 2 5 3 5 0 5 10 15 3 20 Scale for section views 25ft 4 The Stockade Redan complex during the siege of Vicksburg This rare view behind the Confederate lines near the Stockade Redan at Vicksburg is based on a sketch made with “a glass” from the Federal riﬂe pits. The poplar-wood palisade is seen at center, while at left Confederate troops dig a riﬂe trench, which is possibly the beginning of the traverse behind the main redan.
Twenty-Sixth Louisiana Redoubt Established on a high ridge in the northern line of defenses about one mile from the river bank, the Twenty-Sixth Louisiana Redoubt consisted of a 6ft-high parapet with a total width of 20ft. The exterior ditch, which also served as a trench, was 10ft wide and 6ft deep. In front of this was a rough palisade and glacis. Behind the parapet was a 2ft-high firestep and a 20ft-wide terreplein. Beyond this was a 6ft-high and 12ft-wide traverse, which enclosed the parapet at its western end while leaving the eastern end open.